Mr. Petru Lucinschi was born on January 27, 1940 in the village of Radulenii Vechi, Floresti district. He graduated from the State University of Moldova in 1962. He is a member of the Academy of Social Sciences of the Russian Federation (Moscow), Ph. D. in Philosophy (1977).
During 1960-1971, Mr Lucinschi held positions of: instructor, chief of department, secretary, First Secretary of the CC of Moldavian Leninist Communist Union of Youth. Later (1971-1976) he was the Secretary of the CC of the CPM. During 1976-1978 Lucinschi held the position of First Secretary of Chisinau City Committee of CPM. He worked as deputy chief of department at the CC of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) during 1978-1986. He was in office of Second Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Tajikistan during 1986-1989. In 1989 Lucinschi was elected as First Secretary of the CC of the CPM, a position he held until 1990. In 1990-1991 was in office of secretary of the CC, member of the Political Bureau of the CC of the CPSU, and in 1991-1992 held the position of senior scientific collaborator at the Institute for Social-Political Research of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Moscow) and executive director of the Social Sciences Development Fund of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Moscow).
During 1992-1993 Lucinchi was in office of Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Ambassador of the Republic of Moldova to the Russian Federation. Mr. Lucinschi was elected the Chairman of the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova of 12th legislature on February 4, 1993 and Chairman of the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova of 13th legislature on March 29, 1994. Petru Lucinschi held the position of President of the Republic of Moldova from December 1, 1996 to April 4, 2001.
He was member of Supreme Soviet of the MSSR (1967-1980), member of Supreme Soviet of the Tajikistan SSR (1986-1990), member of Supreme Soviet of the USSR (1986-1991), since 1990 until 1996 – member of the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova.
Currently he is chairman of the Foundation for Strategic Studies and International Relations Development “Lucinschi”.
Mr. Lucinschi is the holder of several prestigious awards: Grand Cross of the Legion of Honour (France, 1998), Order of Redeemer (Greece, 1999), Grand Order of the Knights of the Holy Sepulchre (Greek Orthodox Church, Jerusalem, 2000), Order “Steaua Romaniei” (Star of Romania), the Sash rank (Romania, 2000).
Widowed, two sons.